Tax Loss Harvesting
Saturday 03/02/2013 - 11:50:15 am
TAX LOSS HARVESTING
A useful move to counteract capital gains.
presented by Jacob Warren
Even though there can poor years in the market, you may still realize short-term capital gains. What do you do about them? You could do what many savvy investors do â€“ you could â€œcash in your lossesâ€ and practice tax loss harvesting.
Selling losers to offset winners. Tax loss harvesting means taking capital losses (you sell securities worth less than what you first paid for them) to offset the short-term capital gains you have amassed.
While this doesnâ€™t get rid of your losses, it can mean immediate tax savings. It can also help you diversify your portfolio. It may even help you to position yourself for improved long-term after-tax returns.
The tax-saving potential. Sure, you can use this technique to put your net gains at $0, but thatâ€™s just a start. Up to $3,000 of capital losses in excess of capital gains can be deducted from ordinary income, and any remaining capital losses above that can be carried forward to offset capital gains in upcoming years.1
So by taking a bunch of losses this year and carrying over the excess losses into 2009, you can potentially shelter some (or maybe even all) of your long-term and short-term capital gains next year. This gives you a chance to shelter winners youâ€™ve held (even for less than a year) from being taxed at up to 35%.1
The strategy in action. It is really quite simple. Step A is to pick out the losers in your portfolio. Step B is deciding which losers to sell and telling your financial professional and tax advisor what you want to do.
However, both investors and professionals have to watch out for the IRS â€œwash saleâ€ rule. You canâ€™t claim a loss on a security if you buy the same or â€œsubstantially identicalâ€ security within 30 days before or after the sale.2 In other words, you canâ€™t just sell a stock or mutual fund to rack up a capital loss and then quickly replace it.
But â€¦ you might be able to avoid the wash sale rule by using an ETF to make a â€œtax swapâ€: an ETF for a stock or mutual fund, or even an ETF for another ETF if the ETFs are linked to different indexes.3 Although these â€œtax swapsâ€ are widely done, this is still sort of a gray area, so consult a qualified tax advisor first.
Hereâ€™s a heads-up: a new IRS ruling (Revenue Ruling 2008-5) says you can no longer use an IRA to acquire â€œsubstantially identicalâ€ securities within the 61-day wash sale window â€“ and you canâ€™t boost your tax basis in said IRA by the amount of the disallowed loss.4
The (minor) drawbacks. You may not wish to alter a carefully chosen portfolio to the degree that you must for tax loss harvesting, especially if it has been built for the long term. Also, you could end up missing a rally in which a stock, ETF or mutual fund youâ€™ve sold could take off. Transaction costs do add up, so a fee-based account makes sense when tax loss harvesting.
Will long-term capital gains be taxed more in the future? They could. President-elect Barack Obama has raised the long-term capital gains tax rate for taxpayers earning over $250,000 per year from 15% to 20%.5 Is that you? If so, you might think of triggering excess capital losses in 2008 and using the losses to shelter future long-term capital gains that could be taxed at a higher rate.
A year-round strategy. Some investors harvest losses throughout the year, not just in December. You may want to ask your financial professional and your tax advisor how you can harvest losses this holiday season and beyond.
Warren Wealth Management
PO Box 11002
Kansas City, MO 64119
Content provided by Peter Montoya, Inc
These are the views of Peter Montoya Inc., not the named Representative and should not be construed as investment advice. The named Representative gives does not give tax or legal advice. All information is believed to be from reliable sources; however, we make no representation as to its completeness or accuracy. The publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting or other professional services. If other expert assistance is needed, the reader is advised to engage the services of a competent professional. Please consult your Financial Advisor for further information.
1 smartmoney.com/personal-finance/taxes/a-down-stock-market-offers-tasty-tax-breaks/ [10/29/08]
2 irs.gov/publications/p550/ch04.html#d0e12561 [TY 2007]
3 filife.com/stories/market-meltdown-opens-door-to-tax-swaps-rebalancing [10/26/08]
4 smartmoney.com/personal-finance/taxes/A-Sneaky-New-Twist-on-the-Wash-Sale-Rules-23611/?page=all [8/6/08]
5 blogs.abcnews.com/politicalradar/2008/08/obama-clarifies.html [8/14/08]